Sam Howard





I am primarily a field ecologist with a broad range of interests, but i am mainly focused on community structural composition and changes across environmental gradients. I have worked with a large range of taxa but my main interests are in terrestrial amphibians and reptiles. I have been involved in base-line surveys of herpetofauna in undocumented regions to focused single-species conservation efforts on critically endangered taxa. I have also worked in a number of eco-regions; originally in Europe, then spending time in sub-Saharan Africa, Indonesia and Australia working on various conservation projects.


Stemming from much of the survey work I have been involved with, I have a keen interest in herpetofaunal systematics and especially the SE Asian region.


This summer, and for the next 10-14 months, I will be focusing on data collection towards my Phd dissertation. I will be examining poorly documented fossorial/terrestrial amphibian and reptile communities in Southeast Asia and addressing the conservation management implications for these guilds. I will also be examining how these guilds respond to various aspects of forest disturbance and fragmentation. During the course of my fieldwork I will be supervising a number of the Bickford lab's recently graduated students and introducing them to field herpetology and conservation.


I joined the EEC lab for many reasons, notably old colleagues recommendations of Dr. Bickford and the location of Singapore as a base to reach into all of SE Asia while retaining excellent infastructure.


Aside from chasing lizards up trees, down holes, into mosquito infested swamps etc..... I am a very keen natural history photographer (mainly lizards?!) and enjoy keeping fit, playing several sports (at an incredibly amateur level).




Contact me at






Bickford, D., S. Howard, D. Ng, and J. Sheridan. Impacts of climate change on the amphibians and reptiles of Southeast Asia. Biodiversity and Conservation (2010) 19:1043-1062. PDF


  • Howard, S. D. and Gillespie, G. R. Two new Calamaria (Serpentes) species from Sulawesi, Indonesia. J. Herpetology (2007) 41(2): 237-242.
  • Howard, S. D., Gillespie, G. R., Riyanto, A. and Iskandar, D. T. A new species of large Eutropis (Scincidae) from Sulawesi, Indonesia. J. Herpetology (2007) 41(4): 604–610.
  • Gillespie, G. R., Anstis, M., Howard, S. D. and Lockie, D. Description of the tadpole of the rhacophorid frog Rhacophorus georgii (Roux 1904) from Sulawesi, Indonesia. J. Herpetology (2007) 41(1): 150-153.
Gillespie, G.R., Howard, S.D., Lockie, D., Scroggie, M and Boeadi. Herpetofaunal richness and community structure of offshore islands of Sulawesi, Indonesia. Biotropica (2005) 37(2): 289-290.


Gonocephalus grandis seen perched in its natural habitat?