NUS Life Sciences
Levels 4000 LSM Modules – Syllabus
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4210/topics-in-biomedical-science
- Development of differentiation of skeletal muscle
- Muscle stem cells and regeneration
- Effects of aging and metabolism on muscle
- Neurogenesis and neural differentiation
- Neural circuit maintenance and function
- Metabolic control of neurogenesis in development and disease
- Autophagy and ageing
- Neuronal Signalling
- Hypothalamus and Metabolism
- Ion Channels and Channelopathies
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4211/toxicology
- Mechanistic Toxicology
- Organ directed toxicity: Neurotoxicity and renal toxicity
- Organ directed toxicity: Hepatotoxicity and cardiovascular toxicity
- Risk assessments
- Organ directed toxicity: Pulmonary toxicity and immunotoxicity
- Organ directed toxicity: Toxicity of sensory and reproductive systems
- Toxic agents: Plant and animal toxins
- Non‐organ directed toxicity
- Environmental toxicology
- Toxic agents: Solvents/vapors and radiation
- Toxic agents: Pesticides and metals
- Applications of toxicology
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4213/system-neurobiology
- Sensation and motor behavior
- Functional neuroanatomy
- General scheme of sensory processing
- Somatosensation and pain
- Basis of vision
- Organizational features of motor processing
- Higher brain function and synaptic plasticity
- Object recognition: edge detection and simple forms
- Object recognition: complex objects, face recognition and beyond
- Memory and goal directed behaviour
- Neural basis of working memory
- Developmental plasticity in vision
- Plasticity and simple motor learning
- Parkinson’s disease and deep brain stimulation
- Tetraplegia and brain-machine interfaces
- Practical: Introduction to computational neuroscience & AI
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4214/cancer-pharmacology
- Cancer overview: from biology to etiology and epidemiology
- Different cancer types and current treatment methods
- Drugs against hormone-related cancer- nuclear receptor and HDAC inhibitors
- Molecular targeted therapies
- Conventional chemotherapeutic drugs and associated toxicities
- Growth factors, Receptors and Cancer
- Models for drug target discovery and evaluation
- Molecular targeted therapies (II)
- Cellular Oncogenes/Tumor suppressor genes
- NF-κB signaling in cancer
- Cancer biotherapeutics
- Cancer pharmacogenomics and personalized medicines
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4215/extreme-physiology
- Extreme Exercise
Describes how the human body responds to extreme exercise at sea level.
- Heat Stress
Highlights the challenges for humans working in warm and humid conditions and various heat mitigation strategies to augment performance and safety.
- Cold Stress
Outlines the aetiological factors that may predispose one to hypothermia. Clinically relevant findings and the associated treatment for rewarming will be discussed.
- Hypoxia & Altitude
Describes the physiological challenge associated with exposure to environmental hypoxia at high altitude along with adaptive and pathological responses to this challenge.
- Hyperbaric & Underwater
Provides an overview of how high pressure perturbs the physiological systems. This lecture review will focus on the acute responses that are relevant to diving.
Presents the complexity of physiologic responses during trauma and how a responder must prioritized appropriately to support healing and prevent further injury.
- Nutrient sensing and metabolic signaling
- Nutrient signaling in health and disease
- Nutrient sensing, metabolic signaling and energy homeostasis
- Nutrient-gene interactions and metabolic adaptations
- Nutrition and Epigenetics
- Nutrients and metabolism in epigenetic processes
- Molecular approaches to study nutrition and epigenetics
- Nutrition and Omics
- Omics approaches to identify biomarkers in health and disease
- Metabolites and nutrients
- Analysis of small molecules which provide distinct properties
to different diets
- Nutrition and Microbiota
- Gut bacteria (Microbiota) and its functions in the host
- Effects of nutrition on gut bacteria
- Microbiota and host metabolism
- Microbiome profiling by next-generation sequencing
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4217/functional-ageing
- Measuring Molecular Age
- Stochastic Theories of Ageing – metabolic rate, wear and tear, somatic mutation
- Programmed Theories of Ageing – Genetics, Telomeres, Stem Cells
- Epidemiology of Ageing – Lifestyle factors
- Evolution and Ageing; Ageing and Cancer
- Interventions – calorie restriction and stem cell therapies
- Ageing Society – or Age-less society
- Life span, health-span and the rate of ageing and burden of disease
- Ageing and quality of life
- Societal challenges in the ageing population
- Future of ageing
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4218/biotechnology-and-biotherapeutics
- Introduction and historical perspectives
- Principles of biotechnology and its application in drug discovery and development.
- DNA as drugs: gene therapy.
- RNA as drugs: siRNA as drugs.
- Cells as drugs: cell therapeutics.
- Peptides as drugs.
- Antibody therapeutics.
- Proteins as drugs: hormones, growth factors, cytokines, interferons, enzymes, coagulation factors, etc.
- Vaccines: new technology and development.
- Diagnostics-based targeted therapeutics: theranostics.
- Omics and their impact on drug discovery: Genomics, Proteomics and Metabolomics.
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4221/drug-discovery-and-clinical-trials
- Introduction: History and Overview
- Drug discovery/Nonclinical development (NCD) – ADME profiling and Safety assessment
- Clinical Drug Trials
- Good Clinical Practice/Ethics
- Drug Regulatory Authority/Registration
- Case Studies in Drug Development
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4222/advanced-immunology
- Innate immunity – complement activation, antimicrobial peptides,
and phagocytes in innate immunity. Phagocytic receptors and
mechanisms of pathogen killing inside phagosomes.
- Toll-like receptors – overview, structure, specificity, signaling and
adjuvant role in the induction of adaptive immunity.
- Dendritic cells – immunobiology and activation.
- Natural killer cells –NK activation, NK cell mediated cytotoxicity, and
NK cell cross-talk with other cells.
- Lymphocyte development – hematopoietic stem cell biology, the development of central tolerance.
- Lymphocyte trafficking
- Antigen presentation – antigen processing, antigen loading, MHC binding selection, and cross presentation.
- T cell subsets – Th1, Th2, Th17 and Treg differentiation, molecular characteristics, effector mechanisms.
- Viral Immunity
- Mucosal immunity and microbiome
- Tumor immunology and immunotherapy
- Autoimmunity and tolerance
- Antibody therapy
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4223/advances-in-antimicrobial-strategies
- Introduction & Overview
- Mechanisms of Action of Antimicrobial Agents
- Laboratory Methods
- Microbial Pathogenesis
- Vaccine Trials
- Opportunistic Infections
- Drug Discovery
- New and ‘New’ Infections
- Introduction and Review of Human Genetics Principles
- Disease Gene Identification
- Ultra-High Throughput Strategies for Genetic Medicine
- Genetic Testing
- Molecular Therapy
- Gene Therapy
- Ethics in Molecular Medicine
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4226/infection-and-immunity
- Bacteriology and bacterial pathogenesis (basic principles)
- Virology and viral pathogenesis (basic principles)
- Parasitology and parasite pathogenesis (basic principles)
- Immunology basics (innate and adaptive immunity; mucosal immunity)
- Host-pathogen interactions
- Vaccinology (History; types of vaccines; adjuvants; neonatal vaccinology)
- Animal models of infection
- Viral and parasitic zoonoses
- M. tuberculosis: TB pathogenesis
- M. tuberculosis: Drug development against TB
- Dengue virus: DEN pathology and virology
- Dengue virus: Vaccine and drug development
- DENV-Host interactions
- Bacteria in practice
- Clinical trials in infectious diseases
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4227/stem-cell-biology
- Introduction to Stem Cells
- Key Concepts – Pluripotency & Self-Renewal, Differentiation, Reprogramming, Regeneration & Transdifferentiation.
- Differentiation of Specialized Cell Types And Biological Applications of Stem Cells
- Specialized Topics – Human iPS Cells, Cancer Stem Cells, Wound Healing and Tissue Regeneration
- Cellular and animal models for human disease and therapy: values
- Cellular models for cancer
- Mouse models for cancer (including environmental factors)
- Rodent models of cardiovascular diseases (including environmental
- Mouse models for neurodegenerative diseases
- Fish models for human diseases: technical capability, suitability and
- Current fish models for human diseases
- Fish in drug screening
- Genetic engineering technologies in animal disease models and drug development
- Human cancer immunotherapy in cellular and animal models.
- Animal models & human gene therapy
- Monoclonal antibody therapeutics: In vitro and in vivo production
- Animal models for stem cell therapy.
- Practical: Zebrafish liver cancer induction and chemical inhibition in transgenic larvae
- Module Introduction
- Sources of toxins
- Toxins and acetylcholine transmission
- Toxins in neurobiology and neuropharmacology
- Toxins affecting thrombosis and hemostasis
- Toxins and blood pressure
- Toxins and Chemistry
- From toxins to therapeutics
- Toxin-based diagnostic agents
- Future prospects in toxin research
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4231/structural-biology
- X-ray crystallography
- Three-dimensional electron microscopy and its applications in biology
Introductions to cryo-EM
Single particles analysis & electron crystallography
Electron tomography & application
Sample preparation and application
- Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Basic NMR theory
Basic NMR experiments
NMR resonance assignment and protein structure determination
NMR sample preparation and application of NMR to dynamics and metabonomics
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4232/advanced-cell-biology
- Cell Dynamics Control
- Morphogenesis, differentiation and development
- Small GTPases and their regulators guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) and GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs) as major cellular switches – with focus on Rho and Rab
- Roles of scaffold proteins in spatiotemporal control of GTPases signalling
- Roles and interplay of actin and microtubules in cell morphogenesis, cell motility, differentiation and development
- The process of cell movement and the physiology of skeletal muscle function
- The interaction of cytoskeleton and motor protein in the regulation of cellular trafficking
- The cellular mechanism and physiology of intracellular trafficking
- The communication between neuron and skeletal muscle- application of intracellular traffiking in neuromuscular junction
- The contraction of skeletal muscle- exploration of different motor proteins in the regulation of skeletal muscle movement and metabolism
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4234/mechanobiology
- Introduction to mechanobiology
- Emergent property
- Cell-cell adhesion and interaction
- Force in development I
- Force in development II
- Mechanobiology of cell division and apoptosis I
- Mechanobiology of apoptosis II
- Force generation / Cytoskeleton
- Tools in Mechanobiology
- Force measurement / Ethic in research
- Cell migration I
- Cell migration II
- Cell migration III
- Mechanobiology of disease
- Mechanobiology in Plant
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4241/functional-genomics
- Understanding the human genome project, history and its significance. Genome sequencing strategies.
- Post-genomic era: functional genomics and comparative genomics. Challenges of bridging genomics with advances in transcriptomics and proteomics. Comparison of ‘Reverse Genetics’ and ‘Classical Genetics’.
- Genome sequencing: Physical and Genetic linkage maps, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)
- Epigenetics: Emergence of epigenetics as a new field. Strategies for epigenetics and reading the ‘histone code’. DNA methylation, histone modifications, gene transcription hotspots
- RNA modifications: splicing, RNA processing, gene product turnover, RNA interference
- Functional Genomics tools: Gene knockouts, random and site-directed mutagenesis, transposon mutagenesis, chemical mutagenesis, knockdown, gene therapy and current trends
- DNA microarray: technologies and applications
- Oligonucleotide and cDNA microarrays
- Gene expression analysis
- Array comparative genomic hybridization
- Chromatin immunoprecipitation microarray
- Microarray experimental design and data analysis
- SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphism)
- HAPs (Haplotypes)
- Personlized medicine
- Applications in diseases
- Proteomics Methods and applications
- Gel –based proteomics :2DE, 2D-DIGE
- MS-based proteomics : iCAT, iTRAQ, SILAC
- Proteomic analysis of post-translationally modified (PTM) proteins (Modificomics)
- Protein chips (microarrays) : Functional and analytical arrays
- Yeast proteme chip, cell microarrays, and tissue microarrays (TMA)
- Interaction proteomics (interactome) : large scale studies of protein-protein interactions
- Localizome: large scale study of cellular localization of proteins
- Structural genomics
- High throughput protein expression and structural analysis using NMR and x-ray diffraction
- Applications of functional proteomics in :
- Disease detection (e.g. cancer)
- Drug discovery
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4242/protein-engineering
- Prokaryotic and eukaryotic systems for protein production
- Strong and regulatable promoters
- Uses of cleavable fusion proteins for affinity purification
- Cell-free in-vitro translation systems
- Site-directed mutagenesis
- Directed molecular evolution
- Phage display
- In vitro display technologies
- Strategies and approaches to enhance biological properties of proteins and enzymes
- Increasing protein solubility
- Increasing enzymatic activity, stability and specificity
- Modifying cofactor requirements
- Engineering of regulatable enzymes
- Incorporation of unnatural amino acids
- Protein and peptide design and engineering
- Specific examples of protein engineering
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4243/tumour-biology
- Apoptosis – Pathways and Detection Techniques
- Regulators of apoptosis – I (caspases and adaptors)
- Regulators of apoptosis –II (p53 and Bcl2 family)
- Normal Cell Cycle
- Cancer: Disease of Cell Cycle Dysregulation
- Cancer stem cell (CSC) Hypothesis
- Methods to study CSC
- Role of Tumour Microenvironment on CSC Plasticity
- Therapy resistance of CSC
- DNA Repair and Cancer
- Telomeres, Telomerase and Cancer
- Cancer Biology in the Clinic
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4251/plant-growth-and-development
- Flowering time control and flower development
- Physiological and genetic control of flowering
- Floral meristem specification
- Flower development
- Fruit development and ripening
- Biochemistry, physiology and molecular biology of fruit growth
- Role of ethylene in fruit development
- Biochemistry, physiology and molecular biology of fruit growth
- Microsporogenesis, megasporogenesis and gametogenesis
- Anther differentiation
- Pollen development and maturation
- Male gametogenesis
- Pollen germination and growth of the pollen tube
- Ovule determination and development
- Root development
- Origin and development of the root in the embryo
- Postembryonic root structure and physiological function (primary root and lateral roots)
- Genetic control of root development (transcription factors)
- Root systems biology (gene regulatory network; root map)
- Hormonal control of root development
- Plant hormones
- Auxin control of root development
- Control of root development by other hormones
- Epigenetic regulation of plant development
- Histone (de)acetylation
- Long non-coding RNAs
- Embryo Development
- Mutants in zygotic embryogenesis
- Growth and differentiation of the shoot
- Vegetative shoot apices
- Tissue differentiation in the shoot
- Leaf growth and development
- Development of specialized cells and organs
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4252/reproductive-biology
- C. elegans as Model in Reproductive Biology
- Hermaphrodite: a reproductive system with both sexual organs
- How to count sex chromosomes, XX or XO?
- A trade-off between reproduction and longevity
- Reproductive Biology in Vertebrates
- Genetic mechanisms of sex determination in vertebrates (fish, mammals, humans)
- The brain-pituitary-gonadal axis
- Puberty: triggers and hormones
- Male reproductive function, steroidogenesis
- Female reproductive function, modes of fertilization and the estrogen receptor
- Implantation, the placenta, pregnancy and parturition
- Ageing and the Reproductive System
- Overview on relationship between aging and reproduction
- Proximate factors affecting aging and reproduction in insects
- Ultimate causation: Evolutionary concepts of life-history, trade-offs, k versus r, etc.
- Introduction and Importance of Systematics for Biology
- The 4 Steps in Systematics: 1. Collecting, 2. Sorting to Species, 3. Identification/Description, 4. Phylogenetic Placement and Classification
- Specimen Sorting to Putative Species
- Comparative Performance of Sorting Techniques
- Species Concepts: Why do they matter? Tokogeny vs. Phylogeny; Biological, Hennigian, Evolutionary, Concepts, Phylogenetic Species Concepts
- Working with Species-data: richness estimation and others
- Nomenclature, Ranking, Types
- Homology in Morphology and Character Coding
- Homology in DNA Sequences and Character Coding
- Phylogenetics: Optimality Criteria Distance, Parsimony, ML
- Phylogenetics: Working with Trees: Phylogenetic Diversity
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4255/methods-in-mathematical-biology
- Introduction and overview
- Dynamical systems: difference equations
- Dynamical systems: differential equations
- Dynamical systems: cycles and chaos
- Spatial models
- Communities and ecosystems
- Infectious diseases
- Population genetics
- Game theory and adaptive dynamics
Module is not offered this AY2020/21.
- What is Evo-Devo and what does this course cover?
- Where do we belong on the tree of animals, and what does this tree look like?
- Why do we need comparative work to make sense of how development works? Introduction to early Drosophila Development.
- What are organizers, fields, morphogens and selector genes?
- What is the Pax6 selector gene, and why is it so famous?
- What are homeotic (hox) genes and why are they so important?
- Legs, and other body appendages – how do they come about?
- How does protein evolution alter body plans?
- How do changes to hox gene targets alter body plans? Or how beetles get their forewings turned into elytra?
- How does cis-regulatory evolution alter body plans?
- What is developmental modularity, and why does it matter?
- Can we identify what is a novel complex trait?
- How can novel traits emerge from the co-option of pre-existent gene networks?
- What is homology and process homology?
- How do males and females develop different traits when they share almost the same genome? Part 1
- How do males and females develop different traits when they share almost the same genome? Part 2
- What is phenotypic plasticity and how does it evolve?
- How to write and develop a grant proposal in evo-devo.
- How do gene duplications affect the evolution of novelty?
- What is genetic architecture and how does it impact the evolution of traits?
- How does development constrain or bias the evolution of novel traits
- What is genetic assimilation and accommodation and how do these processes contribute to evolution?
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4257/aquatic-vertebrate-diversity
- Aquatic Lineages and Diversity
- Diversity & Biology of Cartilaginous Fishes
- Diversity & Biology of Bony Fishes I
- Diversity & Biology of Bony Fishes II
- Diversity & Biology of Amphibians
- Diversity & Biology of Reptiles
- Diversity & Biology of Birds
- Diversity & Biology of Mammals
- Conservation of Aquatic Vertebrates
- Management of Southeast Asian Aquatic Vertebrates
- Evolutionary origins of recombination
- Anisogamy and gamete evolution
- Evolution of breeding systems
- Sexual and asexual reproduction
- Operation of sexual selection and diversification
- Sex roles and the Darwin-Bateman paradigm
- Sex and speciation
- Developmental plasticity and alternative reproductive strategies
- Genetics of reproduction
- Variability and its measurement
- Heritability and environment
- Additive and non-additive models of inheritance
- Mechanisms of speciation
- Rapid evolution, reproduction and immunity
- Reproduction and genome evolution
- Host-microbe interaction
- Trade-offs, immunity and reproduction
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4260/plankton-ecology
- Plankton diversity
- Freshwater phytoplankton and zooplankton diversity
- Marine phytoplankton and zooplankton diversity
- Sampling methods
- Plankton ecology
- Planktonic food webs
- Interactions with higher trophic levels
- Plankton linked environmental and water quality issues
- Marine algal blooms
- Freshwater algal blooms
- Invasive zooplankton
- Microplastics and impact on plankton
- Climate change and impact on plankton
- Uses of plankton
- Phytoplankton as biofuel/aquaculture feed
- Monitoring and management of planktonic blooms
- Monitoring of planktonic blooms
- Understanding bloom models for management
- On-site management of blooms
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4261/marine-biology
- Introduction to marine biology
- Basic oceanography, marine ecology, key marine environments, resources from the sea, human impacts and marine environment management.
- Selected systems and organisms
- Corals and coral reefs, pelagic ecosystems, zoo- and phytoplankton, deep sea biodiversity and man-made environments are among the systems and organisms that student can expect to learn more about. Guest speakers may be invited to discuss their specialties.
- Human-ocean interactions
- Living (renewable) and non-living (non-renewable) resources and their rates and patterns of exploitation. Impacts of human activities, both localized and global. The state of the marine environment, impacts of tourism, climate change, management of endangered species and critical habitats, management systems relevant to marine ecosystems including restoration techniques.
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4262/tropical-conservation-biology
- Introduction to conservation biology
Ecological concepts and background
- Threats to biodiversity
State and conservation of Southeast Asian biodiversity
- Priority-setting and interventions at the species, ecosystem and landscape-level
- Social aspects of conservation; conflicts and trade-offs
(Possible invited lectures from policy-makers)
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4263/field-studies-in-biodiversity
LSM4263 will introduce students to field biology, conservation issues, sampling design, basic data gathering and data management, and the basic techniques involved. From field practicals, students will experience and encounter tropical environments, particularly coastal, mangrove, freshwater, and primary/secondary forests. A 7-day field course is incorporated and will be conducted in Pulau Tioman, Malaysia. There, pre-constituted student groups will conduct their respective projects in 1 of the 4 distinct habitats found on the island, under the supervision of experienced, well-trained teaching assistants (TAs). These projects would have been collaboratively designed by the students and approved by their TAs in the days preceding the field trip. This module will involve overseas exchange students as well as NUS students.
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4264/freshwater-biology
- Freshwater habitats
- Freshwater biodiversity
- Freshwater ecology
- Threats to fresh waters
- Aquatic conservation/human water use
- Freshwater biology work/research in Singapore
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4265/urban-ecology
- Urban ecology as a field of study, urbanisation (definition, process, forms and historical and current trends, characteristics of cities, urban land use.
- Urban land use, habitat fragmentation, the urban environment and ecosystem function, including pollution (air, water and hydrology, soil, climate, noise, light, roads)
- Urban plants (establishment, presence of non-natives, tree cover, distribution patterns)
- Urban animals (establishment, presence of non-natives, distribution patterns, specific threats to wildlife)
- Urban biodiversity (schemes to classify species), biotic homogenisation, impacts of urbanisation on biodiversity, urban hotspots.
- Urbanisation-related changes at levels of the population and the individual (phenology, life history, physiology, behaviour, genetic)
- Urbanisation and disease (humans and wildlife)
- Social dimensions of urban conservation (nature deficit disorder, human-wildlife interactions)
- Mitigation strategies to combat the impacts of urbanisation (e.g., pollution and fragmentation, urban greening, urban sprawl vs densification)
- The Singapore story, research gaps in urban ecology
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4266/aquatic-invertebrate-diversity
- Introduction to aquatic invertebrate biodiversity: main groups; classification; importance; threats, conservation, and management.
- Processing and preservation of aquatic invertebrate organisms; and practical identification skills.
- Advanced topics (e.g., in diversity, taxonomy and classification, structure and function, ecology, conservation, economic importance, etc.) on selected groups of aquatic organisms (may be taxonomic or functional groupings):
- Molluscs / Echidoderms / Corals / Sponges
- Common areas to be covered for all groups will include at least:
- Classification (including bases for classification)
- Singapore biota and their relevance in Singapore context etc.
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4267/light-vision-in-animal-communication
- Introduction to LSM4267
- Light Properties
- Light Characterization 1: Spectrophotometry
- Light Characterization 2: Colourspace
- Light Mechanism 1: Pigments
- Light Mechanism 2: Structural Colours
- Polarized Light: Mechanisms & Adaptive Functions
More information: https://nusmods.com/modules/LSM4268/environmental-bioacoustics
- Introduction to Bioacoustics
- What is sound? Why study bioacoustics?
- Fundamentals of sound
- How to quantify sound? What are the units of sound?
- Animal sounds & mechanisms
- Diversity of sound-producing mechanisms (eg. vocalization, stridulation)
- Bioacoustics & Instrumentation
- Diversity of sound recording devices (eg. digital recorders, data logging acoustic devices)
- Peripheral instruments (eg. microphones, hydrophones, contact microphones, shotgun microphones, parabolic sound reflector, etc)
- Software (eg. RavenLite, Adobe Premiere Pro)
- Ecological & behavioural bioacoustic ‘stories’:
- Wildlife Filming & Storytelling
- Narration: What is your Story?
- Basic Videography & sound recording
- Types of cameras
- Types of microphones & digital recorders
- Basics of Adobe Premiere Pro
- Video editing
- Sound editing